A Planing Stop
I got a Benchcrafted Planing Stop as a gift a while ago. I had read about these stops for a long time but never used one. I suspected I would like them and I was not wrong. They are fantastic.
I found a nice hunk of my Douglas-Fir and made the base block. The stop is attached with bolts into a barrel nut. I also flushed it to the top of the block.
Then I carefully scribed where the mortise will go.
My bench top is 5" thick so I drilled out some of the waste. It’s sometimes easier to drill first before using chisels and floats.
After a lot of trimming the mortise is just the right size. The needs to be very snug so that you need to tap it with a hammer to move it. If it gets looser over time then I can add shims to the block or make a new one. If it gets too tight during humid times I can plane a little off the block.
One of the most useful tools for adjusting the planing stop mortise was my float from Lie-Nielsen. I tell everyone who hasn’t used one that a float is their favorite tool they don’t have yet.
I also flushed the front teeth of the planing stop into the bench top.
A planing stop is used by tapping on the block from underneath until is sticks up just a little, but enough to prevent a piece of wood from moving. My block is about 12" long and the bench top is 5" thick. It can be raised several inches from the top surface if needed. When you’re done you just tap it back down flush. It’s always there ready to work, you don’t have to hunt for it and clamp it.
For shorter and smaller pieces using the stop by itself is usually enough. If you tap the work piece into the teeth of the stop a bit it won’t move easily. You can flip the wood over and pick it up for inspection without unclamping it or loosening a vise. This makes for a very quick workflow.
For larger wood I’ll use a Doe’s foot along with the planing stop. Mine are 1/8" hardboard with 80-grit PSA sandpaper on the back. The 90º notch on one end makes them very functional.
A Doe’s foot is used by holding it against the opposite end of the work piece and fixing it with a holdfast. The wood is held very firmly but is still easy to flip for planing both sides.
The speed of my planing workflow has been dramatically improved with this simple stop. The concept has been around for many centuries, even the Romans used them. I can see why it’s still popular.
I’m very happy with my final workbench. This thing is rock solid and extremely functional.